• 3 May 2023
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Monkeypox in Pakistan: What You Need to Know

Monkeypox in Pakistan: What You Need to Know

Pakistan has reported its first two cases of monkeypox, a rare but potentially serious viral infection that can spread from animals to humans. The cases were detected among people who came from abroad this week, according to the Ministry of National Health Services. Here are some facts about the disease and how to prevent it.

What is monkeypox?

Monkeypox is a zoonotic infection, meaning that it can be transmitted from animals to humans. It is caused by the monkeypox virus, which belongs to the same family as the smallpox virus. B How does it spread?

Monkeypox can spread through direct contact with infected animals, such as rodents and primates, or their bodily fluids. Contact with contaminated things, such as bedding or clothing, can potentially transmit it. Human-to-human transmission can occur through respiratory droplets, contact with skin lesions or exposure to blood or body fluids of an infected person.

What are the symptoms?

The symptoms of monkeypox usually appear within 14 days of exposure to the virus. They include fever, headache, muscle ache, swollen lymph nodes, and a rash that develops into fluid-filled blisters. The rash usually begins on the face and extends to the rest of the body. Blisters ultimately harden and fall off. The illness might persist between two and four weeks.

How is it diagnosed and treated?

Monkeypox can be diagnosed by laboratory tests that detect the virus or its antibodies in blood or tissue samples. There is no specific treatment for monkeypox, but In certain cases, antiviral medicine may be prescribed. supportive care can help relieve the symptoms and prevent complications.  People with monkeypox should be isolated and their contacts should be monitored for signs of infection.

How can it be prevented?

Avoiding contact with sick animals or people is the most effective strategy to avoid monkeypox. People who live in or travel to areas where monkeypox is endemic should practice good hygiene and wear protective clothing and gloves when handling animals or their products. They should also avoid eating bushmeat or raw meat from wild animals. A vaccine against monkeypox is available but its use is limited to high-risk groups, such as health workers and laboratory staff.

What is the situation in Pakistan?

This week, Pakistan discovered its first two cases of monkeypox among visitors from other countries. According to a Health Ministry spokesman, the health authorities have begun contract tracing. He stated that airports across the country have been placed on high alert following the discovery of the virus, in addition to other protective measures. Pakistan has not reported any cases of smallpox since 1974 and was declared free of the disease in 1979.

Monkeypox is a rare but serious disease that can cause severe complications and even death in some cases. It is important to be aware of the risk factors and symptoms of the disease and seek medical attention if you suspect you have been exposed to it. By following the preventive measures and cooperating with the health authorities, we can help stop the spread of this infection and protect ourselves and others from harm.

 

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